Blog Rolls

The End of Dyslexia

Wired Top Stories - Mon, 06/18/2018 - 07:00
Innovations in brain research and AI-fueled assistive technologies could level the playing field for those with language-based learning disabilities.
Categories: Just News

At Least 5 Dead After Border Patrol Car Chase Ends With A Crash In Texas

The SUV topped 100 mph before the driver lost control and more than a dozen passengers were ejected from the mangled vehicle. Officials said nearly everyone involved is undocumented.

Categories: Just News

Magnitude 6.1 Quake Strikes Japan, Killing 3, Injuring Hundreds

The temblor caused severe damage to roads: bursting water mains and setting fires across the prefecture. Crumbling concrete walls killed two people, while another was struck by a bookshelf.

(Image credit: STR/AFP/Getty Images)

Categories: Just News

A Guide To Parental Controls For Kids' Tech Use

All the major tech companies offer parental controls — Apple is the latest. For parents, making the best of them can be tricky.

(Image credit: LA Johnson/NPR)

Categories: Just News

The Blockchain: A Love Story—And a Horror Story

Wired Top Stories - Mon, 06/18/2018 - 06:00
Cryptomania isn’t just a mad rush of scams and speculation. It’s a utopian dream. And a living nightmare.
Categories: Just News

DOJ Inspector General, FBI Director To Testify Monday About IG Report

The Senate Judiciary Committee is expected to grill Michael Horowitz and Christopher Wray about how the FBI and Department of Justice handled the investigation into Hillary Clinton's email server.

(Image credit: Chris Maddaloni/CQ-Roll Call,Inc.)

Categories: Just News

WATCH LIVE: DOJ Inspector General, FBI Director Testify Monday About IG Report

The Senate Judiciary Committee is expected to grill Michael Horowitz and Christopher Wray about how the FBI and Department of Justice handled the investigation into Hillary Clinton's email server.

(Image credit: Mandel Ngan/AFP/Getty Images)

Categories: Just News

Results Of At-Home Genetic Tests For Health Can Be Hard To Interpret

As home genetic testing continues to boom, more people are getting their DNA tested for health reasons. The tests may signal future disease, but there are many limitations that might falsely reassure.

(Image credit: Courtesy of Rita Steyn)

Categories: Just News

Colombia Elects Right-Wing Populist Ivan Duque As President

The young former senator won the first election since a peace accord ended the country's 50-year-old rebel war. Duque, who defeated former leftist rebel Gustavo Petro, promised to overhaul the accord.

(Image credit: Fernando Vergara/AP)

Categories: Just News

'Westworld' Recap, Season 2 Episode 9: The Many Lives of the Man in Black

Wired Top Stories - Mon, 06/18/2018 - 01:00
As the series's second season wraps up, the wall between his real-life self and Westworld persona comes crashing down.
Categories: Just News

Polarized Justice? Changing Patterns of Decision-Making in the Federal Courts

Kritzer, Herbert M., Polarized Justice? Changing Patterns of Decision-Making in the Federal Courts (May 5, 2018). University of Minnesota Law School, Working Papers, May 5, 2018. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3187627 “This article examines the question of whether there has been a pattern of increasing partisan polarization in decisions by federal judges. After an initial section briefly discussing the general issue of partisan polarization in American politics, the analysis draws on several extant data sources to present evidence of concerning polarization for each of the three levels of the federal courts. That analysis shows increasing, and quite significant, polarization in the behavior of the justices of the Supreme Court, although that is not true for decisions dealing with economics issues and regulation. Much of the change reflects who presidents have been appointing to the Court. For the Court of Appeals and the federal district courts, there is also evidence of increasing differentiation between appointees of the two parties’ presidents. Given the more routine nature of cases below the Supreme Court, the gaps and the change at the lower levels are much less. Again, the nature of the changes varies with the types of cases and those changes significantly reflect who is being appointed to the courts.”
Categories: Law and Legal

New on LLRX – The Case of the Torn Presidential Record and the Future of Its Library

New on LLRXThe Case of the Torn Presidential Record and the Future of Its LibraryBrandon Wright Adler addresses the destruction of Presidential documents and records brought to our attention this past week in a rather startling article published by Politico – “The president’s unofficial ‘filing system’ involves tearing up documents into pieces, even when they’re supposed to be preserved.” As law librarians, we clearly understand the duty and responsibility to uphold the and to advocate that all such documents remain available to the public and researchers.

Google Translate not enough to grant consent, finds US judge

Quartz: “Imagine you’re driving in a foreign country and a police officer stops you on the road. You don’t speak the cop’s language and they don’t speak yours, so a halting exchange ensues using a laptop and Google Translate. You’re not always sure what the officer is asking, and you end up agreeing to something you didn’t quite understand, and are arrested. That’s what happened to Omar Cruz-Zamora, a Mexican native in the US on a legal visa, in Kansas last September. Based on a typed exchange using Google Translate, he agreed to let police search his car—he wasn’t legally required to—and was arrested for possession of 14 pounds of cocaine and methamphetamines. On June 4, a Kansas court (pdf) granted Cruz-Zamora’s motion to suppress the evidence, finding Google Translate isn’t good enough for constitutional search purposes. The Fourth Amendment of the US Constitution prohibits searches and seizures without a warrant. A person who agrees to a warrantless search must provide consent knowingly, freely, and voluntarily. But the Kansas court found the Google Translate’s “literal but nonsensical” interpretations changed the meaning of the officer’s questions, and as a result Cruz-Zamora’s consent to the search couldn’t really have been knowing…”

Categories: Law and Legal

Justice Department Threatens Investigation of Investigation (of Investigation)

POGO: “The fight between the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence (HPSCI) and the Department of Justice continues to build, but there’s a new twist: A top DOJ official has reportedly promised to request lawyers for the House of Representatives investigate the Committee’s staff for unspecified misconduct. CNN reported Tuesday that Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein has promised to “request that the House general counsel conduct an internal investigation of these Congressional staffers’ conduct” when Rosenstein returns from a foreign trip this week. Can he do that? He can ask, but it’s a pointless exercise, says Mort Rosenberg, one of the leading experts on Congressional procedure and oversight authorities, and a fellow with The Constitution Project at the Project On Government Oversight. “I don’t quite fathom what Rosenstein is suggesting,” Rosenberg wrote in response to an inquiry. “I hardly think the House General Counsel would conduct an investigation” at the request of Rosenstein, Rosenberg said. The House Office of General Counsel has no responsibility to oversee the conduct of House staff or members, Rosenberg explained. It is the chamber’s legal advocate and adviser. It is more likely to defend the House against charges of misconduct than it is to make them. House Intelligence Chairman Devin Nunes (R-Calif.) has pressed Rosenstein for months for information from the Russia investigation, and had issued a subpoena for certain sensitive documents DOJ had declined to produce. The standoff led to remarkable briefings last month, coordinated by the White House, between DOJ officials, senior Congressional Republicans, and top Congressional intelligence oversight members, in which highly classified information from the investigation was to be shared…”

Categories: Law and Legal

The June 12 Trump-Kim Jong-un Summit

Via EveryCRSReport.com: The June 12 Trump-Kim Jong-un Summit – June 12, 2018

“On June 12, 2018, President Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong-un met in Singapore to discuss North Korea’s nuclear program, building a peace regime on the Korean Peninsula, and the future of U.S. relations with North Korea (known officially as the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, or DPRK). During their summit, the first-ever meeting between leaders of the two countries, Trump and Kim issued a brief joint statement in which Trump “committed to provide security guarantees to the DPRK,” and Kim “reaffirmed his firm and unwavering commitment to complete denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula.” The Singapore document is shorter on details than with North Korea and acts as a statement of principles in four areas:

Speaking at a press conference without Kim after the summit, Trump said:

  • U.S.-DPRK denuclearization negotiations would continue and resume at an early date;
  • Kim pledged to destroy a “major missile engine testing site;”
  • He will invite Kim to the White House;
  • He raised human rights issues with Kim, though “relatively briefly compared to denuclearization.” Trump appeared to downplay the state of DPRK human rights by saying that human rights conditions are also “rough in a lot of places”;
  • The U.S. would suspend annual U.S.-South Korea military exercises, which Trump called “war games” and “provocative,” during nuclear negotiations. He said the move, which was not accompanied by any apparent commensurate move by Pyongyang and reportedly surprised South Korea and U.S. military commanders, would save “a tremendous amount of money.” Trump also expressed a hope of eventually withdrawing the approximately 30,000 U.S. troops stationed in South Korea. Post-summit remarks by the Administration created confusion about whether all exercises or only some types will be suspended.

Notable items not present in the statement or Trump’s remarks include details about a timeframe or verification protocols for denuclearization, and a commitment by Kim to dismantle the DPRK’s ballistic missile program.”

Categories: Law and Legal

Legal Analytics vs. Legal Research: What’s the Difference?

Law Technology Today: “Legal analytics involves mining data contained in case documents and docket entries, and then aggregating that data to provide previously unknowable insights into the behavior of the individuals (judges and lawyers), organizations (parties, courts, law firms), and the subjects of lawsuits (such as patents) that populate the litigation ecosystem. Litigators use legal analytics to reveal trends and patterns in past litigation that inform legal strategy and anticipate outcomes in current cases. While every litigator learns how to conduct legal research in law school, performs legal research on the job (or reviews research conducted by associates or staff), and applies the fruits of legal research to the facts of their cases, many may not yet have encountered legal analytics. Data-driven insights from legal analytics do not replace legal research or reasoning, or lawyers themselves. They are a supplement, both prior to and during litigation…”

Categories: Law and Legal

The Victorian Photographic Society That Tried to Preserve ‘Old London’

Atlas Obscura: “In 1875, Alfred Marks learned he was about to lose an old friend. The Oxford Arms, north of St. Paul’s Cathedral, had spent centuries as a coaching inn, a place for travelers to stay while heading into or out of London. Then it had become a tenement house. It was, as Marks later wrote, “an excellent example of the galleried Inns”—rooming houses with interior balconies, so that visitors could take in stage shows and other entertainment—“now becoming every year more scarce.” Now, it was to be knocked down in order to make room for the expanding grounds of the Old Bailey courts next door. It’s a feeling familiar to contemporary city-dwellers: a beloved building bites the dust. Who hasn’t walked past a nearby edifice, learned that it’s doomed by construction, and mourned their changing environs? The next step is often to snap a photo, for whenever that shiny new condo takes its place. Back in the 1870s, Marks had a similar instinct. He lacked an iPhone, but his era provided its own resources: commercial photographers, long-lasting carbon-based ink, and—most importantly—a city full of potential subjects, structures that might soon suffer the same fate as the Oxford Arms…”

Categories: Law and Legal

Rampant Pregnancy Discrimination in America’s Top Companies

Rampant Pregnancy Discrimination in America’s Top Companies  – “Throughout the workplace, pregnancy discrimination remains widespread. It can start as soon as a woman is showing and often lasts through her early years as a mother. The New York Times reviewed thousands of pages of court and public records and interviewed dozens of women, their lawyers and government officials. A clear pattern emerged. Many of the country’s largest and most prestigious companies still systematically sideline pregnant women. They pass them over for promotions and raises. They fire them when they complain…”

Categories: Law and Legal

Libraries around the country are loaning items that may surprise and delight you – all free

School Library Journal: “Looking for short-term use of cake tins, camping equipment, or bikes? These libraries lend out all of those items and more. In all of these cases, patrons pay for loss or damage, but librarians say it hasn’t been much of a problem. What unusual items are available for checkout in your library of things?” [Note – be sure to read the Comments section of this article.]

Categories: Law and Legal

Study finds strongest, most potent predictor of sexual harassment is essentially the culture of the company

HufffPo – “When sexual harassment happens, it’s easy ― and not wrong ― to blame individual perpetrators, i.e., the “bad men.” And over the past couple of years, lots of men have been fired, demoted, arrested and publicly shamed for various acts of sexual misconduct. But a major study from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine outlines a more comprehensive way of looking at sexual harassment within organizations and identifies the strongest predictor of such behavior. Surprisingly, it has little to do with individual perpetrators. The study finds that the strongest, most potent predictor of sexual harassment is essentially the culture of the company ― what the researchers call “organizational climate.” If employees believe that their organization takes harassment seriously, then harassment is less likely to happen, according to the 311-page report released Tuesday. That faith in fair treatment acts as a deterrent against bad actors and encourages workers to speak up about harassment ― key to keeping bad behavior at bay…”

Categories: Law and Legal

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