Blog Rolls

This Tiny Drone Uses Friction to Pull More Than Its Own Weight

Wired Top Stories - Tue, 10/30/2018 - 10:00
New flying robots can pull loads that appear far too heavy for their tiny size. Here's the physics of how they cheat friction with their tiny claws and gecko-like grippers.
Categories: Just News

(Pseudo) Scientific Strategies for Trick-or-Treating Like a Beast

Wired Top Stories - Tue, 10/30/2018 - 09:00
You want all the Halloween candy. A bit of data crunching will help you get it.
Categories: Just News

Black Portuguese Plan A Memorial To Honor Enslaved Ancestors

Two planned sites in Lisbon — a slavery memorial and an explorers museum — underscore a clash in Portugal's approaches to its colonial history.

(Image credit: Jake Cigainero for NPR)

Categories: Just News

Trump Says He Will Void Birthright Citizenship Law Through Executive Order

"It was always told to me that you needed a constitutional amendment. Guess what? You don't," Trump said, in a recent interview.

(Image credit: Kevin Coombs/Reuters)

Categories: Just News

A New View of Our Starry Night

NASA Image of the Day - Tue, 10/30/2018 - 08:00
After nine years in deep space collecting data that revealed our night sky to be filled with billions of hidden planets – more planets even than stars – NASA’s Kepler space telescope has run out of fuel needed for further science operations.
Categories: Just News

Does Climate Change Mean You Should Fly Less? Yeah, Maybe

Wired Top Stories - Tue, 10/30/2018 - 08:00
Individual acts like eating less meat or adopting solar power won't on their own save the planet, but they can inspire new social norms that lead to policy change.
Categories: Just News

Trump To Visit Pittsburgh Despite Objections From Mayor, Jewish Leaders

"President Trump, you are not welcome in Pittsburgh until you fully denounce white nationalism," an open letter from progressive Jewish leaders read.

(Image credit: Brendan Smialowski/AFP/Getty Images)

Categories: Just News

How Boston Dynamics' Robot Videos Became Internet Gold

Wired Top Stories - Tue, 10/30/2018 - 07:00
CEO Marc Raibert shares the backstory of his company's viral videos and how the internet's favorite robot dog, SpotMini, came to be.
Categories: Just News

Rescuers Continue Search After Deadly Indonesia Plane Crash

Rescue teams are searching for Lion Air Flight 610's black box and trying to recover bodies and wreckage. Finding survivors "would be a miracle," a search and rescue spokesman said.

(Image credit: Adek Berry/AFP/Getty Images)

Categories: Just News

Apple iPad Pro Announcement 2018 Liveblog

Wired Top Stories - Tue, 10/30/2018 - 06:00
Follow Apple’s October 30 iPad Pro event in New York with our live news updates.
Categories: Just News

VIDEO: As Elections Loom, Workers In Trump Country Reckon With Tariffs Fallout

President Trump's steel tariffs may force America's largest nail manufacturer out of business. Despite an uncertain future, many factory workers there say they still support the president.

(Image credit: NPR)

Categories: Just News

Doctors Test Bacterial Smear After Cesarean Sections To Bolster Babies' Microbiomes

After a cesarean section, does swabbing a baby with mother's microbes reduce the risk of obesity and other health problems later in life? An ambitious study to help answer the question is underway.

(Image credit: Mary Mathis/NPR)

Categories: Just News

Muslims Are Having A Hollywood Moment

More and more sitcoms and dramas on TV and online feature Muslim characters and storylines. That is due, in part, to a new crop of Muslim writers, comedians and actors creating the shows themselves.

(Image credit: Leila Fadel/NPR)

Categories: Just News

Funerals Begin For Pittsburgh Shooting Victims

For many in Pittsburgh's Jewish community, Tuesday's funerals for Cecil and David Rosenthal start the formal period of mourning for victims — a process carefully guided by Jewish tradition.

(Image credit: Brendan Smialowski/AFP/Getty Images)

Categories: Just News

Mail Bomb Suspect Reportedly Had List Of More Than 100 Potential Targets

Cesar Sayoc, accused of mailing explosive devices to a number of prominent Trump critics, reportedly had a list of potential targets including an editor at The New York Times.

(Image credit: Broward County Sheriff's Office/Getty Images)

Categories: Just News

'Is Our Life Worth Just One Photo?' Wrote Couple Who Fell To Death In Yosemite

Travel bloggers Vishnu Viswanath, 29, and Meenakshi "Minaxi" Moorthy, 30, fell approximately 800 ft. from Taft Point. More than 10 people have died in Yosemite National Park this year.

(Image credit: VW Pics/UIG via Getty Images)

Categories: Just News

IBM’s Call for Code Prize Goes to a Team With ‘Clusterducks’

Wired Top Stories - Tue, 10/30/2018 - 00:01
The Winning IBM Call for Code Team Wants to Provide Internet After Hurricanes
Categories: Just News

The Government Must Now Obtain A Warrant To Compel Disclosure of Cell Phone Location Records

New on LLRXThe Government Must Now Obtain A Warrant To Compel Disclosure of Cell Phone Location Records – Attorney Charles Holster discusses the ramifications of the June 22, 2018 Supreme Court decision, Carpenter v. United States that held a warrant is required before a wireless telephone service provider may be compelled by a governmental entity to turn over its customer’s “historical” Cell Site Location Information.

Categories: Law and Legal

New on LLRX – Top Ten Tips from My Job Search

Via LLRXTop Ten Tips from My Job SearchKenny Ames shares his job search strategy, presented in a concise, focused and objective article that you can quickly apply to your own search. Ames offers readers a thoughtful and meaningful list of suggestions to help concentrate your energy on highlighting capabilities, strengths as well as colleagues and contacts, and the critical follow-up factor.

Categories: Law and Legal

My (somewhat) complete salary history as a software engineer

It’s 2018 and somehow women are still getting paid less than men, even in supposedly progressive industries like software.[1] Whether that be from companies offering women less than men for the same position, women being less likely to negotiate or less successful in negotiations, or any of the other myriad reasons, the results are still the same: women make less than men for the same job. That’s something that shouldn’t be happening in today’s world and it’s up to us (read: men) to step up and make things right. This is my attempt to do just that.

Why am I doing this?

Longtime followers know that I’ve been dealing with serious health issues for several years. Two and a half years ago I had to stop working to focus on my health and it will likely be a couple more years before I’m able to even consider working a full-time job again. The people responsible for my last compensation package have long since left that company. That puts me in a unique position where I am not beholden to any past employers, and any future employers are far enough into the future that the information I’m sharing here will be mostly useless by then. Plus, as a white man, I know I’m going to be able to negotiate for my salary without backlash[2] when I do start working again. As such, the information in this post is more valuable to others than it is to me.

As an aside, I’ve been annoyed that throughout my career I’ve been lectured many times to avoid discussing my compensation with colleagues. Usually it’s with the warning that, “not everyone is getting what you’re getting, and we don’t want to hurt feelings.” It took me a long time to realize that the “hurt feelings” they’re talking about come from an overall lack of transparency into the compensation process, and that simply explaining why people are compensated in certain ways would be a better solution than to hide all of the information from everyone. Yes, there will always be people who think they deserve to be making more but who don’t actually deserve it. That seems like a great way to communicate that they aren’t doing a good enough job and figure out ways to improve.

The bottom line is that nothing gets better unless people are willing to share information. And while I could just share my last salary, I don’t think that’s very useful, especially when compared with the variety of already-available sources of information online. No, to be useful, I felt like I would need to reveal my entire salary history so people can determine for themselves if they’re seeing enough improvement in their salaries over time.

Where did this data come from?

The data in this post comes from the following sources:

  1. My memory. Yes, memory is fallible, but there are some data points that are so important on an emotional level that they tend to stick in my brain. I’ll point those out.
  2. Offer letters. As my offer letters post-2006 were always emailed to me, I’ve been able to be 100% sure of those details. Prior to 2006, my offer letters were always mailed to me, and I have no record of those.

Where my memory fails me and I don’t have an offer letter, I’ve made an attempt to guess the salary range I had at the time.

The data

The table below contains all of my salary (and some other compensation history). I’m including what I believe to be data relevant to evaluating the compensation include the year I received the salary, the years of experience I had at the time (YOE), the starting and ending salary to take into account raises, and any signing bonus (Signing $) and stock options (Options) I might have received. Any amount with a question mark indicates that I’m guessing. I did not include any restricted stock units I might have received because I only ever received them at Yahoo as part of my initial offer.

Year YOE Company State Title Starting $ Ending $ Signing $ Options 2000 0 Radnet, Inc. MA Webmaster $48,000 $55,000 - ? 2001 0 Radnet, Inc. MA UI Developer $62,500 $62,500 - - 2001 0 MatrixOne, Inc. MA UI Designer/Developer $68,000? ? $2,000 ? 2003 3 MatrixOne, Inc. MA Senior Software Engineer ? $75,000? - - 2005 5 Vistaprint, Inc. MA Lead Software Engineer $82,000? $98,000 - 3,000 2006 6 Yahoo, Inc. CA Senior Front-end Engineer $115,000 ? $10,000 3,500 2008 8 Yahoo, Inc. CA Principal Front-end Engineer ? ? - - 2011 11 Yahoo, Inc. CA Presentation Architect ? $165,000? - - 2013 13 Box, Inc. CA Staff Software Engineer $175,000 ? $25,000 50,000 2014 14 Box, Inc. CA Principal Architect $208,000 $220,000 - - Job Details

The data alone doesn’t really tell the full story, so here are the details around each position. I’ve also included how I came to work at each company, as I think it’s important to recognize blind resume submissions from having contacts as a company.

Radnet (2000-2001)

My first job out of college was at a small startup in Wakefield, MA called Radnet, Inc. I got this job because the woman who used to babysit me as a child was running human resources at the company. My official title was webmaster, and I thought I would be coming in to run the company website. As it turned out, between the time they offered me the job and my starting day, they had hired someone to oversee both UI development and the website. As it turned out, I would never manage the website and instead would spend time making JavaScript components for the company’s web application.

I know that my starting salary was $48,000 (about $70,284 in 2018 dollars) because I was very excited about it. After spending summers working jobs that ranged from $2/hour to $6/hour, this seemed like an incredible amount of money to me. A few months in, they gave me a raise to $55,000 because I was doing a good job. Towards the end of 2000, they believed the company would be bought and so they changed my title to UI Developer and upped my salary to $62,500 with the belief that an acquirer would immediately fire the “webmaster” and ensuring I’d benefit from the acquisition.

As it turned out, the company never got bought and so it shutdown in January 2001. I never really saw much of the $62,500, and eight months after I had started my first job, I was unemployed.

Note: I did receive stock options for this position, but I don’t remember what they were. I didn’t really understand what stock options were at the time so that information never stuck in my brain.

MatrixOne (2001-2005)

When Radnet closed down, my manager ended up at MatrixOne and asked if I would like to join him. I had enjoyed working with him at Radnet so I accepted. It’s important to understand that this was during the dot-com crash and there weren’t a lot of tech jobs to be had in Massachusetts at the time. I considered myself lucky to have formed a good relationship that allowed me to find a new job fairly quickly after Radnet shut down.

I don’t remember all of the details but I’m pretty sure my starting salary was close to $68,000 ($96,814 in 2018 dollars). I’m also reasonably certain that I got a small signing bonus, maybe around $2,000, that my manager negotiated for me. I also received some stock options, but once again, I didn’t really understand what they were and so didn’t even register them as part of my compensation. It didn’t matter, though, because the company stock was never again as high as the day I joined. I was never able to exercise options, even when I got some repriced options later in my career there because the stock only ever went down. (Eventually the company would be bought out by a competitor.)

My salary didn’t improve much there because the company was in perpetually poor financial health. There was a salary freeze in place almost the entire time I was there. I survived four rounds of layoffs. I was eventually “promoted” to the position of Senior Software Engineer, but it was a promotion in title only. There was no increase in salary (because of the salary freeze) and no change in my responsibilities (because the organization was weird). It was just a pat on the back to say, “good job, please don’t leave.” Spoiler alert: I left as soon as I could.

Right before I left, I did get a salary increase to around $75,000. It wasn’t enough to make me want to stay.

Vistaprint (2005-2006)

I often refer to my position at Vistaprint as my first real software engineering job. It was the first time I applied for a software engineering job without having a connection at the company; I just sent my resume in to their email address. I reported into the engineering organization (as opposed to the design organization in my prior jobs), and I got what I considered to be a good offer. The company was pre-IPO, and I was excited to get 3,000 stock options. (By this time, I actually understood what stock options were.)

I don’t recall the starting salary but I suspect it was around $82,000 ($105,867 in 2018 dollars). I definitely recall the ending salary as $98,000 for a few reasons. First, I was complaining a lot about the boring project they had assigned me to so I expected that would eliminate me from any serious raise considerations. I was shocked to get a raise and even more shocked at the amount. Second, I was bummed they didn’t give me the extra $2,000 to make an even $100,000. Last, I was secretly interviewing with both Google and Yahoo, and upping my salary meant that I could use that number when it came time to talk compensation with them.

I was only at Vistaprint for a little over a year before deciding to move to California to work for Yahoo. Vistaprint did go public while I was there, but since I left after a year, I didn’t see much from those stock options.

Yahoo (2006-2011)

Yahoo’s initial offer was the best I had received up to that point. In addition to a $115,000 base salary ($143,833 in 2018 dollars), it included $10,000 signing bonus, 3,500 stock options, 1,500 RSUs, and relocation expenses. This was the first time I tried to negotiate for a higher starting salary and was summarily rejected. At least I tried.

I ended up at Yahoo through a circuitous route. I had heard that Yahoo was using my first book, Professional JavaScript for Web Developers, to teach JavaScript at the company. As such, I had an open invitation to stop by the campus if I was ever in the area. I had traveled to Mountain View to interview Google (they had found me through my second book, Professional Ajax) and so reached out to the folks at Yahoo to meet up. I didn’t realize that conversation would turn into an invitation to apply to work at Yahoo as well.

I don’t remember a lot of my pay details after I joined. Being at Yahoo for almost five years, I got several raises and two promotions, so my pay did keep increasing. All of that information was sent to my Yahoo corporate email address, and as such, I no longer have any of the documentation. That was intermixed with periods of layoffs and salary freezes. My initial stock options ended up worthless because the company stock price never again reached the level it was at when the options were priced. I would later get repriced stock options and more RSUs, but I don’t have specifics on that.

By the time I left, I suspect I was making around $165,000 based on how I felt about the offer from Box.

It’s worth noting that I left Yahoo to try to start a company with some friends and so didn’t have a regular salary for about 18 months.

Box (2013-2016)

My offer from Box was also strong. The starting salary of $175,000 ($189,415 in 2018 dollars) was more than enough to make me happy at the time, and the offer included 50,000 stock options. Box was pre-IPO so that high stock option allocation (which I was told was higher than what they usually gave people at my level) was a big consideration for me. I negotiated for a $25,000 signing bonus, as well.

As part of my consulting business, I would regularly give talks at different companies. I agreed to give a talk for free at Box because a friend worked there and mentioned that they were having trouble managing their growing JavaScript code base. I spoke with a few people after the talk, including the VP of engineering, and we decided to explore if working at Box was a good fit for the company and me. Through several more discussions, it seemed like a good opportunity to get back into the stability of a regular salary with some interesting problems to tackle.

My memory is a bit hazy around what happened between joining and the end of my time at Box as this was the period when my health was on a steep decline. I think I got one raise as a Staff Software Engineer about three months after I joined, and was informed of being promoted to Principal Architect six months after I joined (although I wouldn’t get the pay increase for another six months). I’m reasonably certain the promotion pay increase bumped me to $208,000. I recall clearly that I got one last raise to push me to $220,000 during 2014 because I had started working from home full time due to my health and I thought it was very nice of them to give me a raise regardless.

I left Box when I was no longer physically able to work from home.


In my sixteen year career, I averaged a pay increase of $10,000 per year, even when taking into account several years of salary freezes at MatrixOne and Yahoo. As such, I suspect I’d be making around $250,000 if I was working full time today.

It’s also important to understand that I never asked for a raise and only negotiated other details occassionally (as mentioned in the post). I never really felt comfortable with negotiations prior to working for myself, and generally was happy with the offers I received.

With the exception of my one year at Vistaprint (during which I was a grouchy pain in the ass), I was consistently reviewed as a top former at my position. I wasn’t put on any sort of improvement plan and most of my feedback had to do with improving interactions and communication with colleagues. And again, with the exception of Vistaprint (because…pain in the ass), I took the feedback to heart and worked to improve in those areas.

Being single and not having a family to support throughout my entire career meant that I had more options. I could afford to take salary that was lower than what I wanted or could get elsewhere, and I could also afford to walk away from valuable stock options (such as with Vistaprint) to find a job that was more fulfilling. I recognize that not everyone has that option, so I think it’s important to make my situation clear here.

I have two hopes from sharing this information. First, I hope that having this information will make it easier for women to understand how much they should be paid for similar work and just how their pay should be increasing throughout their career. Second, I hope that other men who are in a similarly independent position will also share their compensation history to benefit others.

We can all be better if we’re willing to share.

  1. By the Numbers: What pay inequality looks like for women in tech (
  2. Women Know When Negotiating Isn’t Worth It (
Categories: Tech-n-law-ogy


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